|AFRICAN AMERICAN SLAVE GRAVE SECTION|
What the flyer did say was that Joseph Barnett built the present house on the property in 1825 and at that time he owed 20 slaves. And, he also owned 578 acres. This information was a good base to help us understand the spatial pattern of the graveyard. So off we went toward a rise on the land, a distance back of the old house, to find the slave graveyard.
The first thing we noticed when we spotted the graveyard was that it was divided into two sections – African American slave on one side and European white pioneer family on the other.
|EUROPEAN WHITE GRAVE SECTION|
The white side consisted of two types of grave-markers; the ledger type and the head and foot marker type. The African American slave side of the graveyard had two types of grave markers. One being head stone and foot stone type made by a stone cutter and the second type -- some head stones and foot stones -- being simply a field stone to mark the head and one also to mark the foot.
|MY SON MAKING RUBBINGS OF THE LEDGER INSCRIPTIONS|
My son came up with the idea of doing rubbings to determine what information we could obtain about the deceased. This method did help some in deciphering some of the names and dates.
The ledger style was expensive in its time and is believed to have been used by the wealthy. Historically, they are believed to be a British tradition.
|HEAD STONE IN SLAVE SECTION|
Southern folk grave-markers are simple and unadorned. None of the grave –markers had adornment such as flowers, birds etc. The graveyard was on a rise, which is a southern thing -- this tradition is older than Christianity. The front side of the head stone is smooth while the sides and back have chisel marks – a sign of back country grave stone-cutters
|FOOT STONE OF EMILY'S HEADSTONE -- PHOTO ABOVE|
|SLAVE HEAD STONE WITH FOOT STONE|
|SLAVE HEAD STONE INSCRIPTION|
Joshua Servant of
Jos Barnett Jr born
1798 & died by a
stroke of Lightning
The spatial arrangement of the plot is similar to early Scots-Irish traditions – linear rows. The slave side was also dictated by this pattern.
|CLOSE-UP OF JOSHUA HEAD STONE (PHOTO ABOVE)|
|CHISEL MARKS ON BACK SIDE OF HEAD STONE|
Texas Graveyards: A Cultural Legacy by Terry G. Jordan
Sticks and Stones: Three Centuries of North Carolina Gravemarkers by M. Ruth Little
Ghosts along the Cumberland by William Lynwood Montell
Civil War Battlefield Park